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Building High-Performing Contact Forms with React and PHP

Introduction to React and PHP

Web development teams are always on the lookout for the best combination of tools to use to make their websites and applications as efficient, user-friendly, and scalable as possible. When it comes to developing web applications, there are many options out there to choose from.

In this article, we will explore using React, a front-end JavaScript library, and PHP, a widely used server-side scripting language, together to create a contact form.

Advantages of using React and PHP together

Using React and PHP together comes with several advantages that can make a developer’s job easier. PHP is a mature language that has been around for many years; as a result, it has a massive user base and a robust community.

This makes it easy to find resources online and get help when you need it. Additionally, PHP is an easy language to learn for beginners, which is another advantage.

In terms of scalability, PHP is a great choice because of the many libraries and frameworks that are available to developers. These libraries can help save time and prevent developers from reinventing the wheel for common functionalities needed in web applications.

Disadvantages of using React and PHP together

One possible disadvantage of using React and PHP together is that PHP tends to be slower than Node.js. Node.js is a popular platform and widely used for back-end development due to its performance.

For very complex applications, this could be a disadvantage.

Another disadvantage is that while React can be used as a full-stack framework, it’s best used as a view layer of an application.

Ideally, React should work closely with a separate API to handle the back-end services as React is not capable of handling server-side operations by itself. This is where PHP comes in handy.

Creating a contact form using React and PHP together

Now that we know the advantages and disadvantages of using React and PHP together, we can create a contact form. To create a contact form, you’ll need an Apache or Nginx web server, React for the front-end, and PHP for the back-end processing.

The first step is to create a front-end application using React. You can create a form using JSX syntax by incorporating various UI libraries like Semantic UI React or Material-UI.

Once the form has been designed and styled with CSS, you need to incorporate functionality for a form submit handler. The submit handler will handle the submission of contact information.

When the user submits the form, the form data is passed to the back-end, which is where PHP comes in. The back-end code will validate the data provided by the user and check for errors.

Once it verifies all user input, the back-end will also send an email using PHP’s mail() function.

Using React with PHP

Now that we know how to create a simple contact form using React and PHP, let’s explore the benefits and drawbacks of using PHP in a React application.

Benefits of using PHP as a backend in React application

PHP is a popular language for the server-side script, and it’s easy to use. PHP developers can leverage a mature language to create robust web applications.

Also, PHP has an extensive list of extensions, plugins, and libraries, which helps the developer write code faster without reinventing the attributes. When using React and PHP together, you can benefit from React’s frontend capabilities while leveraging the strength of PHP on the backend.

Drawbacks of using PHP as a backend language in React application

As we have mentioned earlier, PHP’s performance is slower than Node.js when it comes to heavy computational tasks. For those specific needs, developers should consider using Node.js.

When working with React, it’s important to note that, as a view layer, React can’t use its full capabilities while serving as a backend. So, in this case, React won’t cut it as a full-stack framework.

Building a contact form with React and PHP

When building a contact form with React and PHP, there are some essential steps to follow:

1. First, you need to create a front-end application using React and incorporate a form submit handler that can handle form input.

2. Second, you have to design and style the form using CSS, keeping in mind that the user experience should be smooth and seamless.

3. Next, validate the form input and make sure to check for errors.

The user shouldn’t be able to submit the form until all necessary fields are filled correctly.


Finally, once the data is validated and the form is ready for submission, you can send an email using PHP.


In this article, we’ve seen the benefits and drawbacks of using React and PHP together. We’ve also built a contact form using both technologies.

When used collectively, React and PHP can create robust, high-performing web applications that are user-friendly and scalable.

Advantages of using PHP as a backend in a React application

PHP is a server-side scripting language that has been around since the 90s, and it’s still going strong today. There are many advantages to using PHP as a back-end language with React.

One of the primary reasons is because it’s an incredibly easy language to learn, making it a great starting point for developers who are just starting out.

PHP is also an incredibly mature language.

It’s been around for over two decades, and as such, it has a vast community of developers who contribute to it daily. This level of community support means you will have many resources available to you and you can find answers to any questions you may have quickly.

Scalability is another advantage of using PHP. With numerous libraries and frameworks available to developers, you can take advantage of pre-built solutions for commonly required functionalities in web applications.

This can save you time, reduce development costs, and speed up your time to market.

In terms of efficiency, PHP is known for being efficient and consumes fewer resources than other languages out there, making it a powerful choice for the back-end.

Limitations of using PHP

While there are many advantages to using PHP in a React application, there are also some limitations to be aware of. The first major limitation is that when it comes to scalability, PHP is slower than Node.js, another popular server-side JavaScript platform.

Node.js is suitable for web applications that handle a lot of processing tasks.

Another limitation is that while React can be used as a full-stack framework, it’s best used as the view layer, while PHP can cover the back-end.

Ideally, React and PHP should work together, with a separate API handling the various back-end services such as databases and authentication.

Creating a contact form with PHP and React

To create a contact form using PHP and React, youll need to start with creating a front-end application with React. The form should include various input fields such as name, email address, and message.

You can use UI libraries like Ant Design or Bootstrap to make the interface more user-friendly.

Once the form has been designed, it’s time to add functionality.

You’ll need to create a submit handler that will handle the form submit event. On submission, the form data will be passed to the PHP back-end, which will then process the data.

The PHP script will validate the data received from the front-end and verify integrity. The server-side script will then send an email with the form data included to the desired recipient.

To handle the form submit event, you can use a library like Axios, which is widely used and easy to configure. To ensure all data is correctly inputted, you should add validation logic to the form.

For instance, the user’s email address should be appropriately formatted before being accepted. Additionally, form submissions should handle errors such as HTTP response error codes if the server hasn’t responded correctly.

Handling the form submissions in PHP is relatively straightforward. A PHP script will receive the form data, check if it’s valid or not, filter out unwanted data, and process it further.

Once the data has been processed, the PHP script can then use the mail() function to send the data to the respective email address.


In conclusion, PHP is a powerful server-side language that can be used alongside React to create robust web applications. In this article, we have explored the advantages of using PHP, such as being easy to learn, having a vast community, and being scalable.

We have also taken a closer look at its limitations, such as being slower than Node.js when it comes to scalability. Finally, we have shown how to create a contact form with PHP and React, which can help you get started on your own web-based project.

React and PHP are two powerful technologies that can be used together to create scalable, efficient, and powerful web applications. React is a front-end JavaScript library that allows for dynamic and responsive user interfaces, while PHP is a back-end scripting language that enables developers to create robust features and handle server-side operations.

In this article, we have explored the advantages and limitations of using React and PHP together and how to create a contact form using both technologies.

Benefits of using PHP in a React application

One of the main benefits of using PHP in a React application is its versatility. PHP has matured over the years, giving developers access to a vast array of libraries and frameworks.

They can use this to write less code without sacrificing functionality, which helps save time and resources. Another prominent advantage of PHP is its ease of learning for beginners.

The syntax of PHP is easy to understand, and the language has a low barrier to entry, unlike other programming languages. PHPs strength lies in its scalability.

By utilizing PHP, developers can create web applications that can scale up or down quickly. This is due to its libraries versatility that can be used to create custom solutions, chaining them with ready-made implementations, and making further development faster.

Limitations of using PHP in a React application

PHP, however, is not without its drawbacks. One of its primary limitations is that it is slower than Node.js, a popular server-side JavaScript platform used for back-end development.

The slowdown problem may arise during heavy computational tasks, limiting performance in specific use cases.

Another constraint to using PHP is that React only works as the view layer or component rendering library of an MVC framework and cannot handle the coding required for other server-side operations.

Creating a contact form with React and PHP

To create a contact form with React and PHP, several steps must be taken to ensure the form functions as intended without any security loopholes. First, create the front-end interface using the React framework.

Then, incorporate form submission handlers to communicate the form data to the server. You can use libraries like Axios, which is a popular choice for handling HTTP requests and sending data to the server.

After successfully incorporating the front-end, you may start coding the server-end. The server should validate the form data provided and sanitize it if necessary to prevent SQL injections.

Once the data is verified and sanitized, the server can send the submitted form data via a mail function or a mail service provider like Mailgun, Sendgrid, or Mandrill.

The server-side script should also incorporate error checks that can trigger the appropriate message prompt, informing the user of validation errors while protecting their data simultaneously.


In conclusion, combining a framework like React with a formulated language like PHP can create robust, performant web applications that can scale for businesses of all sizes. PHP has many benefits, such as its scalability, versatility, and ease of learning.

However, limitations like its slower speed compared to Node.js and its suitability only as a back-end language should be well understood. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each technology will help developers make informed decisions about when and where to use each one.

While combining React with PHP can seem daunting, building a contact form using these technologies is a perfect way to get started. Additionally, once the developer has a working foundation, they can extend this to include various server-side operations to build more complex and functional web applications.

In conclusion, PHP and React are two dynamic technologies that serve as a powerful combination for creating scalable and efficient web applications. While PHP offers versatility, scalability, and easy learning, React provides developers with the power of a robust front-end framework ultimately to compose clean, maintainable code.

Although PHP has limitations such as its pace and suitability only as a back-end language, constructing a contact form using PHP and React offers an excellent starting point to build more complex and functional web applications. Understanding the functionality and particularities of each technology is crucial for optimization.

As technology evolves and more people demand rapid code development, developing with React and PHP could prove invaluable for adopting modern web development paradigms.

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