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14 efficient ways to select siblings using jQuery

14 Ways to Select Siblings in jQuery

If you’re a developer, you know the importance of picking specific elements on a document. It’s common to need to select siblings in jQuery while working with the DOM.

Siblings are elements that share the same parent but aren’t each other’s parent or child. jQuery makes it easy to select sibling elements in different ways.

In this article, we’ll look at 14 different ways to select siblings in jQuery. We’ll cover the essential functions and their syntax for selecting siblings.

So, let’s get started. Selecting Siblings Using the .siblings() Method

The .siblings() method is a convenient tool for selecting all siblings for a given element.

Here’s the syntax for using it:

“`

$(selector).siblings()

“`

This method only requires the selector to identify the element and will return all the element’s siblings. Let’s take a look at an example to see how it works:

“`

$(“div”).siblings().css(“background-color”, “yellow”);

“`

This code will turn the background color of all sibling div elements yellow.

Selecting Siblings Using the .next() Method

The .next() method will return the immediate next sibling of the specified element using this syntax:

“`

$(selector).next()

“`

Let’s see an example of this:

“`

$(“button”).next().css(“background-color”, “red”);

“`

This code will turn the immediate next sibling element to the button element red.

Selecting Siblings Using the .nextAll() Method

The .nextAll() method will select all the next siblings of a given element in a similar way to .siblings():

“`

$(selector).nextAll()

“`

This time, all siblings are selected starting from the immediate sibling and going downwards.

Let’s see an example of how this works:

“`

$(“h2”).nextAll().css(“font-size”, “20px”);

“`

This code will turn all h1 siblings to have a font-size of 20 pixels. Selecting Siblings Using the .nextUntil() Method

The .nextUntil() method is similar to the .nextAll() method but will only select siblings that are between the specified element and the selected element.

Here’s the syntax:

“`

$(selector).nextUntil(element, filter)

“`

Let’s take a look at how this works:

“`

$(“h2”).nextUntil(“ul”).css(“color”, “green”);

“`

In this code, we’ve targeted all h2 elements and from that element, we’re only selecting until we reach the ul element. We’ve set the font color of all siblings to green.

Selecting Siblings Using the .prev() Method

The .prev() method is similar to .next() but returns the immediate previous sibling. This is its syntax:

“`

$(selector).prev()

“`

Let’s see what this looks like in practice:

“`

$(“p”).prev().css(“border”, “5px solid blue”);

“`

We have selected all p elements and applied a blue border to the immediate previous sibling of that element.

Selecting Siblings Using the .prevAll() Method

The .prevAll() syntax is like .nextAll() but returns all previous siblings of the specified element. Here’s the syntax:

“`

$(selector).prevAll()

“`

Here’s an example of how to use this method:

“`

$(“li”).prevAll().css(“background-color”, “orange”);

“`

We have selected all li elements and changed the background color of all previous siblings to be orange.

Selecting Siblings Using the .prevUntil() Method

The .prevUntil() method is the opposite of .nextUntil(). It returns all previous siblings of the selected element that are between the specified elements.

Here’s the syntax:

“`

$(selector).prevUntil(element, filter)

“`

Here’s how to use it:

“`

$(“li”).prevUntil(“h3”).css(“color”, “purple”);

“`

We’ve selected all li elements and applied a purple font color to all the previous siblings until we reach an h3 element.

Using Siblings in Conjunction with Other jQuery Selectors

You can use siblings in conjunction with other jQuery selectors to select specific elements in the DOM. For example:

“`

$(“button”).siblings(“.yellow-background”).css(“background-color”, “yellow”);

“`

We have selected all button elements and then chained the .siblings method to select all elements with the class .yellow-background and change their background color to yellow.

Other Methods for Selecting Siblings

Other jQuery methods can also be used to select siblings. Here are some examples:

“`

$(selector).children()

“`

This method will select only the children of the specified element.

“`

$(selector).find()

“`

This method will select all of the specified elements’ descendants, including children, grandchildren, etc. “`

$(selector).nextUntil(element)

“`

This method works like .nextUntil, returning all siblings up and until the specified element.

“`

$(selector).prevUntil(element)

“`

This method is similar to .prevUntil() but applies to the previous siblings of the specified element.

Conclusion

There are many ways of selecting siblings in jQuery. Understanding and knowing how to use different methods can help you work with the DOM more efficiently and effectively.

Select the appropriate selector that best suits your needs to improve the user interface and enhance the user experience of your site.

3) Using next() Method to Select a Sibling in jQuery

jQuery has made selecting elements on the DOM easy by providing various methods. In previous sections, we discussed ways of selecting siblings in jQuery.

The next() method is another useful method for navigating the DOM and selecting immediate siblings.

Syntax of next() Method

The next() method selects the immediate next sibling of a specified element using this syntax:

“`

$(selector).next()

“`

Selecting Immediate Next Sibling

The next() method only selects the immediate next sibling of the specified element. This is useful when you need to select the next element that comes after a given container.

Here is an example of how to use the next() method:

“`

$(“h1”).next().css(“font-size”, “24px”);

“`

In this example, we have selected all h1 elements and applied a font-size of 24 pixels to the immediate next sibling element.

4) Using nextAll() Method to Select a Sibling in jQuery

The nextAll() method is another useful method for selecting siblings in jQuery. It selects all next siblings of the specified element.

Syntax of nextAll() Method

The syntax for using the nextAll() method is:

“`

$(selector).nextAll()

“`

This method will select all siblings starting from the immediate next element going downwards.

Selecting All Next Siblings

Here is an example of how to use the nextAll() method:

“`

$(“ul”).nextAll().css(“color”, “red”);

“`

In this example, we have selected all ul elements and changed the color of all the next sibling elements to red.

Conclusion

In this article, we have learned various methods of selecting siblings in jQuery, including siblings(), next(), nextAll(), nextUntil(), prev(), prevAll(), and prevUntil(). These methods provide different ways of selecting siblings, depending on the situation’s requirements.

Understanding the syntax and behavior of each method can help you work with the DOM more efficiently and effectively. By selecting the appropriate selector that best suits your needs, you can improve the user interface and enhance the user experience of your site.

5) Using nextUntil() Method to Select a Sibling in jQuery

The nextUntil() method is another way of selecting siblings in jQuery. This method selects all the next siblings until a specific element.

Syntax of nextUntil() Method

The syntax for using the nextUntil() method is:

“`

$(selector).nextUntil(element, filter)

“`

This method selects all siblings that are between the specified element and the selected element.

Selecting Next Siblings Until a Specific Element

Here’s an example of how to use the nextUntil() method:

“`

$(“h2”).nextUntil(“ul”).css(“font-style”, “italic”);

“`

In this example, we have selected all h2 elements and applied an italic font-style to all the next sibling elements until we reach the ul element.

6) Using prev() Method to Select a Sibling in jQuery

The prev() method is useful when you need to select the immediate previous sibling of a specified element.

Syntax of prev() Method

The syntax of the prev() method is:

“`

$(selector).prev()

“`

Selecting Immediate Previous Sibling

Here is an example of how to use the prev() method:

“`

$(“div”).prev().css(“border”, “2px solid blue”);

“`

In this example, we have selected all div elements and applied a blue, 2-pixel border to the immediate previous sibling element.

Conclusion

Selecting siblings in jQuery is made easier by the various methods that provide different ways of selecting elements from the DOM. In this article, we have learned about selecting siblings using the nextUntil() method, which selects all the next siblings until a specific element; and the prev() method, which selects the immediate previous sibling of a specified element.

Knowing how to use these methods can help you work with the DOM with greater efficiency and effectiveness.

7) Using prevAll() Method to Select a Sibling in jQuery

The prevAll() method is used to select all the previous siblings of a specified element.

Syntax of prevAll() Method

The syntax for selecting previous siblings using the prevAll() method is:

“`

$(selector).prevAll()

“`

This method selects all siblings of an element, starting from the immediate previous sibling and going upwards.

Selecting All Previous Siblings

Here’s an example of how to use the prevAll() method:

“`

$(“p”).prevAll().css(“background-color”, “yellow”);

“`

In this example, we have selected all p elements and applied a yellow background color to all their previous siblings.

8) Using prevUntil() Method to Select a Sibling in jQuery

The prevUntil() method is used to select previous siblings until a specific element.

Syntax of prevUntil() Method

The syntax for using the prevUntil() method is:

“`

$(selector).prevUntil(element, filter)

“`

This method selects all siblings that are between the specified element and the selected element.

Selecting Previous Siblings Until a Specific Element

Here’s an example of how to use the prevUntil() method:

“`

$(“li”).prevUntil(“h3”).css(“color”, “purple”);

“`

In this example, we have selected all li elements and applied a purple font color to all their previous siblings until an h3 element is reached.

Conclusion

By understanding how to use the various methods provided by jQuery, it’s easy to navigate the DOM and select elements more efficiently and effectively. The prevAll() method selects all previous siblings of an element, while the prevUntil() method selects all siblings until a specific element.

Knowing how to use these methods can make your work with the DOM more straightforward and less time-consuming. In this article, we have discussed various ways to select siblings in jQuery.

We covered the use of the siblings(), next(), nextAll(), nextUntil(), prev(), prevAll(), and prevUntil() methods, and demonstrated the syntax and examples for each method. By learning how to use these methods, developers can work with the DOM more efficiently and effectively, enhancing the user experience of their website or application.

The importance of selecting sibling elements cannot be overstated, and the use of these methods is an essential skill for any developer. Mastering jQuery’s techniques for selecting siblings is a valuable asset for creating a more interactive and dynamic website.

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